Link Between Sugar Intake and Diabetes Shown

Sugar sugar

Sugar sugar (Photo credit: dhammza)

Back in your grandmother’s day, people often referred to diabetes mellitus as “sugar diabetes;” in fact, some older folks still use that term. It turns out they were spot on, according to the findings from a new study conducted by researchers from the University of California and Stanford University that says the level of sugar intake and the length of time it is consumed affects the prevalence of diabetes in a dose-dependent manner, meaning the more it’s consumed and the longer the period of consumption, the more likely the individual is to develop diabetes. The researchers also found that declines in sugar consumption were associated with substantial declines in diabetes rates regardless ” of other socioeconomic, dietary and obesity prevalence changes”.

They arrived at these findings by using the  United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization food supply data to determine the availability of sugars, fibers, fruits, meats, cereals, oils, and total food in kilocalories per person per day in 175 countries for more than 10 years. They also used the International Diabetes Federation estimates of diabetes prevalence among individuals between the ages of 20 to 79 years old from 2000 through 2010. They controlled for:

  • Gross domestic product per capita, which was  expressed in each country’s equivalent of the purchasing power provided by 2005 US dollars
  • Percent of population living in urban areas, and percent of population older than 65 for each country in each year of the analysis from the World Bank World Development Indicators Database 2011
  • The prevalence of obesity was determined from the World Health Organization Global Infobase 2012 edition

Here’s what they found:

  • Each 150 kilocalories per person per day increase in total calorie availability resulted in a 0.1 percent rise in diabetes prevalence
  • Each 150 kilocalories per person per day increase in sugar availability (one 12 oz. can of soft drink) resulted in a 1.1 percent rise in diabetes prevalence
  • After all control variables including current income, changes in income, urbanization, aging, obesity, and the consumption of other foods were incorporated into the model,  diabetes prevalence rates rose 27 percent on average from 2000 to 2010

 

 

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~ by chasm63 on March 1, 2013.

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